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Billy Graham, “Absent From The Body, Present With The Lord”

Billy Graham, “Absent From The Body, Present With The Lord” (2 Corinthians 5:8)


The Equipping blog is the primary blog from which all posts that this author publishes find their places of origin. Once a post is originated and published on the Equipping blog, a determination is made as to which other Equipping managed blogs should share that newly published post. If anyone is a follower of the Equipping blog, all posts that this author publishes will be sent to that Equipping blog follower. Therefore, for simplicity purposes:

Course Of Study – Jewish Prophets

The John Ankerberg Show. Step by Step Through The Book of Revelation.

This page relates to posts that will be published, as of February 17, 2018. The opening video describes the end times events of our study. Bio information on the speakers in the video can be found at the bottom of this page.

Many people live their lives in total darkness, as it relates to their lack of understanding the times and things that lie ahead.  As a way of illuminating such spiritual darkness, God has provided biblical prophecy. Certain Jews were chosen by God to present His Word to the Jews, whom are known in scripture as “God’s chosen people,” (Deuteronomy 7:6).  The Jews were chosen by God to be a holy and righteous people, to bring a Holy and Righteous Messiah into our world.  This study will focus on the prophets of Israel whom spoke words of judgment and encouragement to the Jews during the times of their being dispersed from their “God ordained land” (Genesis 15:18-21), which occurred after the death of King Solomon in 931 B.C. The prophecies will be studied from the time of their being given by God to each prophet, until the times of their fulfillment.  From time to time there may be included in this blog, posts that are provided as “food for thought.”

Bio -Dr. John Ankerberg

Bio – Dr. Jimmy DeYoung


The Judgment Seat Of Christ

Where is the judgment seat of Christ? What are Christians going to experience in heaven?


The Day Of Christ – The Day Of The Lord

Related scriptures are found at the bottom of the page.

THE JUDGMENT SEAT OF CHRIST (2 Corinthians 5:10)

2 Corinthians 5:10 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“For we must all appear before the tribunal of Christ, so that each may be repaid for what he has done in the body, whether good or worthless.”

In order for us to have a clear understanding of the Judgment Seat Of Christ (Bema Judgment), we must also consider two other events that will occur, before and after the Bema Judgment. The Day of Christ will occur prior to the Bema Judgment, and is also known as the rapture of the church. The rapture is an event at which born again believers in Christ will be caught up and taken to heaven to be in the Presence of God the Father (2 Corinthians 12:1-4). The Day of the Lord will occur after the Bema Judgment, at the end of the tribulation, when Christ returns to Earth with his caught up believers. This return with the saints is known as the Second Coming Of Christ. It is an event where Christ will pass judgment on those whom were left behind from the rapture, and are still living in a state of unbelief toward Christ as their Lord and Savior. Judgment can be positive or negative. In a court room setting a judge will determine whether a defendant is either innocent or guilty. At the Judgment Seat Of Christ, believers in Christ have a judgment of eternal rewards that they will receive (1 Corinthians 2:9). At the second coming of Christ, Christ will judge survivors of the tribulation as to whether they will receive a judgment of eternal life or of eternal punishment.

Whenever there is a discussion of the Judgment Seat Of Christ, there is a tendency to lose sight of the fact that it will be believers in Christ whom will be taken there by Christ at the time of the rapture of the church. Our salvation has been secured at the time of our new birth, so the Judgment Seat Of Christ is not a place of determining anyone’s salvation; the giving of eternal rewards is its purpose.

The Judgment Seat Of Christ is an event that will include only New Testament born again believers in Christ, those of whom are also called saints. Absent from the Judgment Seat of Christ will be the saints of the tribulation, and of the Old Testament. The absence of the OT and tribulation saints is of key importance when determining the things that will happen at the Judgment Seat Of Christ. So, keeping in mind any harshness that has been said that awaits the raptured “bride of Christ,” there must also be raised a question. That question is: “why will the tribulation saints and the Old Testament saints not be subject to the same “ill-taught harshness,” that the bride of Christ is supposed to encounter?

Considering the Judgment Seat Of Christ, also known as the Bema Judgment.

The Bema Seat takes its name using imagery from Paul’s day. During the ancient Olympics, the judge sat along the finish line. His purpose was not to determine whether or not the participants actually ran the race. If they got that far, then they completed the course. But the Judge at the Bema seat determined how they came in, first, second, and so on, and he handed out the rewards. That is the imagery that the Bible gives us of the Believer’s Judgment. It is at the Judgment Seat of Life that Christ metes out the rewards not the punishments that we earn in life. (

The raptured believes in Christ will receive gifts at the Judgment Seat Of Christ. Consider the following note from the MacArthur Study Bible, as it relates to the Bema Judgment.

2 Corinthians 5:10. The judgment seat of Christ. “Judgment seat” metaphorically refers to the place where the Lord will sit to evaluate believers’ lives for the purpose of giving them eternal rewards. It is translated from the Gr. word be¯ma, which was an elevated platform where victorious athletes (e.g., during the Olympics) went to receive their crowns. The term is also used in the NT to refer to the place of judging, as when Jesus stood before Pontius Pilate (Matt. 27:19; John 19:13), but here the reference is definitely from the athletic analogy. Corinth had such a platform where both athletic rewards and legal justice were dispensed (Acts 18:12–16)

Every person came into this world as an unbeliever, having been totally flawed in body, soul and spirit, from the time of conception. It was not within our personal desires to have a relationship with Christ (John 1:11). We were “muck in the mire” people, on a collision course with “the lake of fire” (Revelation 20:11-15). We had no desire to be holy and righteous, but through the new birth, we became “the righteousness of God in Christ” (2 Corinthians 5:21). We didn’t fall in love with Christ; He fell in love with us (1 John 4:10). We didn’t give anything for Christ; He gave His life for us (Ephesians 5:25). Simply stated, we did not want Christ; Christ wanted us. Christ, through the calling of the Holy Spirit, “talked us into the whole thing!” So, even though we never wanted to be a part of the marriage of the Lamb, and had no desire to be at the Judgment Seat of Christ, “we’ll be there!” And, even though Christ has pledged His love for us, we have been told that He is going to “rip us apart,” past deed by past deed, and expose our past sinful life to the rest of the believers that are also in the same line, “knocking at their knees,” {sic} in spite of the fact that we are now, and will be then, as “the righteousness of God, in Christ.”

Consider those whom will be present at the Judgment Seat Of Christ. There will be God the Father, God the Son, and the raptured, born again, believers in Christ, of whom are the saints of the New Testament. The saints will have already attained a status of perfection of body, soul and spirit at the time of the rapture. Therefore, all of whom are present at the Judgment Seat Of Christ are “without flaw.” There is nothing more that can be done to make the saints more perfect than they are at the time that Christ descends to earth from heaven and returns to heaven taking the saints with him to be in the Presence of God the Father. The raptured saints will be judged to be righteous at the Judgment Seat Of Christ, and then will receive the rewards that “The Father” has prepared for them. (1 Corinthians 2:9)

Now, let’s consider this whole matter of the things that will, and will not, take place at the Judgment Seat Of Christ. Let’s also remember that only the saints of the New Testament will be present; the OT and Tribulation saints will be absent. The New Testament saints will be standing before the Judgment Seat of Christ in glorified spirits, souls and bodies. The full resurrection of the OT and Tribulation saints will not occur until at the end of the tribulation, when their bodies will be resurrected (Daniel 12:1-2; Revelation 20:4). The souls of those two groups of saints went to be in the Presence of God at the time of their death (Luke 16:19-31, 2 Cor 5:8, Eph 4:8, Phil 1:21-23). The spirits of the OT and Tribulation saints also have a place in the Presence of God, but at the time of their new birth (2 Cor 5:21).

A major reason that people have the wrong understanding of the Judgment Seat of Christ, is due to a lack of understanding of 1 Corinthians 3:1-15.

We will compare and contrast 1 Corinthians Chapter 3:1-15 with 2 Corinthians 5:10, to determine if there is anything that connects the two passages of scripture.

Consider the word “worthless,” or bad, in 2 Corinthians 5:10. Consider the translation of “whether good or worthless.” The translations that use the words, “whether good or bad,” put a negative connotation in the mind of readers, that either the raptured believer is being judged for salvation, or that every action in the life of the believer will be studied for sinfulness, with the result being that “the bride of Christ” will be humiliated on the way to “the marriage of the Lamb” (Revelation 19:7-8). Consider the significance of the bride of any wedding, and how only praise is poured on her. It is not of any difference at the marriage of the lamb and the journey to the marriage, especially when “The Bride Of Christ,” is “the bride of all brides,” and will be escorted to the wedding by the Groom of all Grooms, “Christ, our Lord.” Really! No bride can expect her former life to be “ripped apart,” event by event, on her way “to the wedding chapel,” and subsequently being lavished with praise and honor at the altar of marriage,” by the same man that just couldn’t wait to “put her in her place!”

Phaulon is the Greek word that is used to mean “worthless” or “bad” in 2 Cor 5:10. The primary meaning of phaulon is “worthless.”

Consider the note from the MacArthur Study Bible, and provided by Bible Gateway on 2 Corinthians 5:10.

“whether good or bad.” These Gr. terms do not refer to moral good and moral evil. Matters of sin have been completely dealt with by the death of the Savior.

The Open Bible, Copyright 1983, by Thomas Nelson, Inc, is a credible study source for 1 Corinthians Chapter 3. The seventeen contributors to the Study Aids are highly regarded as being expert in Theology. A key ingredient to the way that The Open Bible addresses this chapter is the way that it has put the chapter into three divisions. Verses 1-4 address the problem of division within the church at Corinth. Verses 5-17 discuss Ministers at the church being fellow workers with God. Verses 18-23 discuss Ministers at the church being accountable to God. With such a breakdown of the chapter, it is easy to discern that the problem, that the Apostle Paul is discussing, relates to Church leadership, as opposed to the individual believers at the church. It is also important to understand that the church at Corinth was by no means a model church of our Lord, and that the issues that Paul addresses in his letters to the church at Corinth are not addressed in any of the other epistles to the churches.

While comparing 1 Corinthians 3:1-15 with 2 Corinthians 5:10, the word “day,” is an important factor. Can we see a clear connection between “the day” of 1 Corinthians 3:13 with 2 Corinthians 5:10, The Judgment Seat Of Christ? I think not. But, we can see a clear connection between “The Day Of Christ with, “the day,” 1 Corinthians 3:13.

The expression “day of Christ,” occurs in the following passages: 1 Corinthians 1:8; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 2 Corinthians 1:14; Philippians 1:6; Philippians 1:10; Philippians 2:16. KJV has “day of Christ,” 2 Thessalonians 2:2 incorrectly, for “day of the Lord”; Isaiah 2:12; Revelation 19:11-21. The “day of Christ” relates wholly to the reward and blessing of saints at his coming, as “day of the Lord” is connected with judgment. (Scofield note 1 Cor 1:8)

The “day of the Lord:” This judgment occurs at the return of Christ Matthew 16:27; Luke 14:14. (Scofield note 2 Cor 5:10). (My note: The return of Christ for Judgment takes place at the end of the tribulation.)


Due to improper pastoral/elder leadership, oversight and supervision, the church at Corinth had the following charges laid at the feet of its pastors.

1 Corinthians: a new perspective for a troubled church

The church in Corinth was in trouble. They were divided. They were immature. They were abusing the sacraments, spiritual gifts, and each other. The apostle Paul had founded this church earlier (Acts 18), and when he hears of the young church’s struggles, he writes them a letter.

And it’s a bold one. He tackles the issues the church faces, reprimands them for their shortcomings, and encourages them in love.

First Corinthians is not a step-by-step guide to solving church problems, however. Instead of telling the church precisely what to do, Paul proposes a new perspective: put God’s glory first. It’s the key to overcoming these struggles.

The Corinthians were fighting each other, with one faction claiming Paul as their leader while others claimed the eloquent Apollos, the original apostle Peter (Cephas), or the Lord Jesus Christ Himself (1 Co 1:12). Paul reprimands them for their immaturity (1 Co 3:3), and points to God as the one who deserves glory, not His servants (1 Co 3:5–7).

The church was condoning sexual immorality: one man was sleeping with his mother-in-law (1 Co 5:1) and others seem to have been seeing prostitutes (1 Co 6:16–18). The church was not judging their own based on God’s Word; rather, they were taking their disputes with other Christians to the secular courts (1 Co 6:5–7). Paul’s direction: recognize God’s authority and glorify Him with the physical body (1 Co 6:19-20).

The Corinthians had written Paul with questions about what they were at liberty to do in marriage, divorce, eating and drinking, and the like. Paul gives detailed responses on each topic, but sums up the Christian philosophy: “whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.” (1 Co 10:31 ESV)

Next, we will discuss 1 Corinthians 3. The objective will be to show that this chapter does not relate to the Judgment Seat Of Christ, 2 Corinthians 5:10.

1 Corinthians 3 (The following scripture comes from Bible Gateway. The notes come form the MacArthur Study Bible, unless otherwise noted.)

1 Corinthians 3:1-4 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

The Problem of Immaturity

1 Brothers, I was not able to speak to you as spiritual people but as people of the flesh, as babies in Christ. 2 I gave you milk to drink, not solid food, because you were not yet ready for it. In fact, you are still not ready, 3 because you are still fleshly. For since there is envy and strife among you, are you not fleshly and living like unbelievers? 4 For whenever someone says, “I’m with Paul,” and another, “I’m with Apollos,” are you not unspiritual people?

3:1: carnal. Although Corinthian believers were no longer “natural,” they were not “spiritual” (fully controlled by the Holy Spirit). In fact, they were “carnal” (controlled by the fallen flesh). Though all believers have the Holy Spirit (cf. Rom. 8:9) they still battle the fallen flesh (see notes on Rom. 7:14–25; 8:23). babes in Christ. The carnality of those believers was indicative of their immaturity.
3:2 milk. Not a reference to certain doctrines, but to the more easily digestible truths of doctrine that were given to new believers. solid food. The deeper features of the doctrines of Scripture. The difference is not in kind of truth, but degree of depth. Spiritual immaturity makes one unable to receive the richest truths.
3:3 envy, strife. Carnality produces the attitude of envy, a severe form of selfishness, which produces the action of strife and the subsequent divisions. mere men. Apart from the will of the Spirit, hence carnal, not spiritual.
3:4 Paul…Apollos. Factionalism was the divisive product of carnality. Cf. 1:11–13.

1 Corinthians 3:5-11 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

The Role of God’s Servants

5 What then is Apollos? And what is Paul? They are servants through whom you believed, and each has the role the Lord has given. 6 I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth. 7 So then neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but only God who gives the growth. 8 Now the one planting and the one watering are one in purpose, and each will receive his own reward according to his own labor. 9 For we are God’s coworkers. You are God’s field, God’s building. 10 According to God’s grace that was given to me, I have laid a foundation as a skilled master builder, and another builds on it. But each one must be careful how he builds on it. 11 For no one can lay any other foundation than what has been laid down. That foundation is Jesus Christ.

3:5–7 Who then is Paul…Apollos. A humble, but accurate assessment of the roles that ministers play. the Lord gave…God gave…God who gives. It is the Lord alone who can give the faith to the spiritually ignorant and dead. Salvation is God’s work of grace to whom He chooses to give it (see notes on Rom. 9:15–19; Eph. 2:8, 9).
3:8 are one. All the human instruments God uses to produce salvation life are equally considered and rewarded for their willingness to be used by God. But all the glory goes to Him, who alone saves. Because of that, the silly favoritism of v. 4; 1:12 is condemned. See notes on Matt. 20:1–16.
3:9 we. Paul, Apollos, Peter, and all ministers are equal workers in the field, but the spiritual life from that field is entirely by God’s grace and power. God’s building. Paul shifts the imagery from agricultural to construction (vv. 10–17).
3:10 master builder…foundation. The Gr. word is the root for architect, but contained the idea of builder as well as designer. Paul’s specialty was designing and building spiritual foundations (cf. Rom. 15:20). He was used by God to establish the groundwork for churches in Asia Minor, Macedonia, and Greece. Others (e.g., Timothy, Apollos) built the churches up from his foundations. That God used him in that way was all of grace (cf. v. 7; 15:20; Rom. 15:18; Eph. 3:7, 8; Col. 1:29).
each one. (my note). Per the following notes on church leadership, each elder is responsible for building on the foundation of Christ.
3:11 no other foundation. Paul did not design the foundation, he only laid it down by preaching Christ. Cf. 1 Pet. 2:6–8.

1 Corinthians 3:11-15 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

11 For no one can lay any other foundation than what has been laid down. That foundation is Jesus Christ. 12 If anyone builds on that foundation with gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay, or straw, 13 each one’s work will become obvious, for the day will disclose it, because it will be revealed by fire; the fire will test the quality of each one’s work. 14 If anyone’s work that he has built survives, he will receive a reward. 15 If anyone’s work is burned up, it will be lost, but he will be saved; yet it will be like an escape through fire.

3:11 no other foundation. Paul did not design the foundation, he only laid it down by preaching Christ. Cf. 1 Pet. 2:6–8.
3:12 if anyone builds. This is, first of all, in reference to the evangelists and pastors (v. 9), and then to all believers who are called to build the church through faithful ministry. gold, silver, precious stones. His quality materials represent dedicated, spiritual service to build the church. wood, hay, straw. Inferior materials implying shallow activity with no eternal value. They do not refer to activities that are evil (see note on v. 13).
3:13 (Scofield Study Note) Refers to the time of the Day of Christ: 1 Cor 1:7-8, 5:5; 2 Cor 1:14; Phil 1:6; 1:10; 2:16; 2 Thessalonians 2:2, per the following:

The expression “day of Christ,” occurs in the following passages: 1 Corinthians 1:8; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 2 Corinthians 1:14; Philippians 1:6; Philippians 1:10; Philippians 2:16. A.V. has “day of Christ,” 2 Thessalonians 2:2 incorrectly, for “day of the Lord”; Isaiah 2:12; Revelation 19:11-21 The “day of Christ” relates wholly to the reward and blessing of saints at his coming, as “day of the Lord” is connected with judgment.

3:14-15 revealed by fire. (My note: the words, “revealed by fire,” relates to apostate pastors.” See my closing note.)

The Day of Christ is the rapture. All born again believers in Christ are caught up by Christ and taken to heaven At that time, all spirits of these people will have been born again, being as pure as the righteousness of God in Christ (2 Cor 5:21). The bodies of the deceased and living believers will be changed into eternal glorified bodies (1 Cor 15:50-54). We will have souls (our minds, thoughts, reasoning, emotions), to never think a bad thought ever again (1 John 3:2). We will be like Christ, and will never be like the sinful person that we used to be. We will have perfected, spirits, souls and bodies (1 Thes 5:23).

Ephesians 4:11-12 teaches that God has ordained certain individuals to be responsible for “equipping the saints for works of ministry for the building up of the body of Christ.” Those leaders are called apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors and teachers.” Of those in positions of leadership, pastors/elders have been given the authority and responsibility for leading each congregation. Church leaders were those whom were criticized by Paul at Corinth. Such leaders are also called: elders, shepherds, overseers, pastors, ministers, presbyters.

Based on scripture, each church should be under the leadership of its own chosen elders. Consider the first example of church leaders being chosen. Paul and Barnabas were on a ministry trip. They preached the Gospel of Christ and made many disciples (Acts 14:19-22). Consider verse 23 in the appointing of church leaders.

Acts 14:23 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

“When they had appointed elders for them in every church, having prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord in whom they had believed.”

Paul and Barnabas appointed a plurality of elders at each church, and commended them to the Lord. There was no super structure of denominational control or supervision over any local congregation. Each congregation was led by “elders.” In Acts 14:23 – Acts 21:18, there are nine examples of church leadership, with each leader being identified as “elder” (Acts 14:23; 15:2; 15:4; 15:6; 15:22; 15:23; 16:4; 20:17; 21:18). In 1 Timothy 5:17 and 5:19; Titus 1:5; James 5:14, elders are identified as being church leaders. Notice, there is always a plurality of elders. Consider the following note:

The qualifications in Titus 1:6-9 and in 1 Timothy 3:1-7 apparently apply to elders. It becomes apparent that the elders were the spiritual leaders of the churches. Taken as a whole, the qualifications describe those being mature believers in Christ, of good repute, with gifts for teaching, management, and pastoral ministry.

In Acts 20:17 the elders (plural) of the church at Ephesus went to be with Paul. In Acts 20:27, those same elders are also called overseers and shepherds. The Greek translation shows from Acts 14:23, the Transliteration: presbuterous, “an elder,” has been used to identify “Presbyters” as church leaders. The definition is elder.

In Acts 26:16, the Apostle Paul explains that Christ, our Lord, appeared to him and appointed him to be an apostle and a minister. “Apostle” can also be identified as “witness.”

In no New Testament church was a single elder the leader of a congregation. In no circumstance was a deacon, trustee, or anyone other than an elder, chosen to lead a congregation. Some translations use the words “Pastor and Bishop,” to mean elder, with neither being scriptural. The title of Reverend is found in the King James Version, in Psalm 111:9, “holy and reverend is his name.” However the correct word to be used is “awesome,” which is used in the NKJV, NIV, HCSB, CSB, NASB, NET, NLT. Many Pastors shun being called “Reverend,” due its reference being made to God.

Related Scriptures: The Day Of Christ, The Day Of The Lord, The BEMA Judgment, End Time Judgment

Rapture: Day Of Christ: John 14:1-6, 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18, 1 Corinthians 15:50-54

Judgment Seat Of Christ: Rewards For Raptured Believers In Christ: 2 Corinthians 5:10:

Second Coming Of Christ: Day Of The Lord: Matthew 24:29-31, Mark 13:24-27; Luke 22:14, 21;23; John 13:18-19. Zechariah 14:1-14, Revelation 19:11-21


Amos 5:18 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“Woe to you who long for the Day of the Lord! What will the Day of the Lord be for you? It will be darkness and not light.”

5:18–20 Even the wicked wanted the Day of the Lord to come, mistakenly thinking that it would bring victory instead of judgment (cf. Zeph. 1:14–18).


1 Corinthians 1:8 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“He will also strengthen you to the end, so that you will be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

1:8 the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. Cf. 5:5; 2 Cor. 1:14. This refers to the coming of the Lord for His church, the rapture (John 14:1–3; 1 Thess. 4:13–18; Rev. 3:10). This is to be distinguished from the Day of the Lord (1 Thess. 5:2, 4; 2 Thess. 2:2), a term referring to judgment on the ungodly (see Introduction to Joel: Historical and Theological Themes).


2 Corinthians 5:10 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“For we must all appear before the tribunal of Christ, so that each may be repaid for what he has done in the body, whether good or worthless.”

5:10 the judgment seat of Christ. “Judgment seat” metaphorically refers to the place where the Lord will sit to evaluate believers’ lives for the purpose of giving them eternal rewards.

Eternal Rewards

1 Corinthians 2:9 King James Version (KJV)

“But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.”


Matthew 25:46 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“And they will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

25:46 everlasting punishment…eternal life. The same Gr. word is used in both instances. The punishment of the wicked is as never-ending as the bliss of the righteous. The wicked are not given a second chance, nor are they annihilated. The punishment of the wicked dead is described throughout Scripture as “everlasting fire” (v. 41); “unquenchable fire” (3:12); “shame and everlasting contempt” (Dan. 12:2); a place where “their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched” (Mark 9:44–49); a place of “torments” and “flame” (Luke 16:23, 24); “everlasting destruction” (2 Thess. 1:9); a place of torment with “fire and brimstone” where “the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever” (Rev. 14:10, 11); and a “lake of fire and brimstone” where the wicked are “tormented day and night forever and ever” (Rev. 20:10). Here Jesus indicates that the punishment itself is everlasting—not merely the smoke and flames. The wicked are forever subject to the fury and the wrath of God. They consciously suffer shame and contempt and the assaults of an accusing conscience—along with the fiery wrath of an offended deity—for all of eternity. Even hell will acknowledge the perfect justice of God (Ps. 76:10); those who are there will know that their punishment is just and that they alone are to blame (cf. Deut. 32:3–5).

CONCLUSION. The Judgment Seat of Christ (2 Corinthians 5:10) has no correlation to 1 Corinthians 3:11-15.


Just as the problem of the church at Corinth was a result of its leaders deviating from the solid Word Of Christ, much of the same problem exists in many churches and denominations today. There are three major problems that are festering in the liberal world of “Christendom.” Pastors, whom may not even be born again, are attacking the significance of the Jews being God’s chosen people. Pastors are preaching from the pulpit that there is nothing wrong with homosexuality and same-sex marriage. Pastors are preaching that there is nothing wrong with killing unborn babies. As a result, many impressionable children and visitors to those liberal churches, are being fed an unholy diet of lies about God’s Holy Word. Such a continual preaching of lies can be an obstacle to people, keeping them from coming to saving faith in Christ as their Lord and Savior. I could go on.

Just whom are the liberal churches and denominations that have left the true Word of Christ? Take a look at the member denominations of the National Council of Churches. Pastors that teach a gospel of “Another Jesus,” as was the situation at the church at Corinth, are the subject of the following verse.

2 Corinthians 11:4 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“For if a person comes and preaches another Jesus, whom we did not preach, or you receive a different spirit, which you had not received, or a different gospel, which you had not accepted, you put up with it splendidly!”

MacArthur Note. another Jesus…a different spirit…a different gospel. Despite their vicious attacks on him, Paul’s quarrel with the false apostles was not personal, but doctrinal. He could tolerate those hostile to him, as long as they preached the gospel of Jesus Christ (cf. Phil. 1:15–18). Those who adulterated the true gospel, however, received Paul’s strongest condemnation (cf. Gal. 1:6–9). Though the precise details of what the false apostles taught are unknown and don’t matter, they preached “another Jesus” and “a different spirit,” which added up to “a different gospel.” you may well put up with it! Paul’s fear that the Corinthians would embrace the damning lies of the false apostles prompted his jealous concern for them (see notes on vv. 2, 3).

Closing note:

Apostate pastors whom are preaching, “another Jesus,” may not be born again believers in Christ, facing an eternal destiny in the Lake of Fire (Revelation 20:11-15). If those pastors have been saved, but have slid away from preaching the true Gospel of Christ, they will be like the pastors whom are mentioned in the discussion of 1 Corinthians 3:11-15. They will lose their eternal rewards that could have been given to them at the Bema Judgment. But, as a result of their false teachings of God’s Holy Word, they will be the conduit for unbelievers remaining as unbelievers, and finding their eternity in the Lake of Fire, after having received such judgment at the Great White Throne Judgment (Revelation 20:11-15).

Parents have been told to teach the Word of God to their children (Deuteronomy 6:6-9). It is no one else’s responsibility to teach children the way of salvation by grace through faith in Christ, other than parents. My plea to parents of children is this: “don’t let your children have an eternity in the Lake of Fire.” You, and they, are subject to the Words of Christ.

John 3:3 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“Jesus replied, “I assure you: Unless someone is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

John 3:16 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“For God loved the world in this way: He gave His One and Only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him will not perish but have eternal life.”

John 3:18 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“Anyone who believes in Him is not condemned, but anyone who does not believe is already condemned, because he has not believed in the name of the One and Only Son of God.”

If we have been born again, we will believe in Christ as our Lord and Savior.

If we believe in Christ as our Lord and Savior, we have been born again.

What happens at the Great White Throne judgment?

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New Heaven ?

Chris Tomlin – I Will Rise

God has shown great favor on the nation of Israel, and none on its oppressors. Read on …

There are many thoughts about heaven but, what about a “new heaven?” Also, what about a new earth and a new Jerusalem? Many of us remember the song, “when we all get to heaven, what a day of rejoicing that will be, when we all see Jesus, we’ll sing and shout the victory.” Many of us were brought up to think that when we get to heaven, we will go nowhere else.

Let’s consider a passage that deals with “heaven.”

2 Corinthians 12:2, 4 New King James Version (NKJV)

Key thoughts: “2 I know a man in Christ who was caught up to the third heaven. 4 he was caught up into Paradise” (See MacArthur note at the bottom of the page)

Consider the following understanding of heaven. “The first heaven is where the birds fly. The second heaven is where astronauts fly. The third heaven is where God watches over all that fly, and is also known as Paradise.” Consider Lazarus and the rich man in Luke 16:23. Lazarus had died and, in death, his soul was experiencing comfort in Abraham’s bosom, which is figurative language for Paradise, or “in the Presence of God.” The body of Lazarus was in a tomb; his soul and spirit were in God’s Presence. In Luke 23:43, the thief on the cross would be in Paradise after his death, on the same day as his death. His body would be buried, and his soul and spirit would be with Christ in Paradise. After the fall of Adam, in the Garden of Eden, nothing was in its Edenic state of perfection. Before the fall, there were no death or sickness; there were no adverse atmospheric conditions; alligators didn’t eat little dogs. But, because of the sin of Adam, and the following curse, nothing in its perfect state of Genesis Chapters one and two are present in our world today. But, God initiated a plan of redemption for all of His creation, whether “natural, physical or spiritual.” Immediately after the fall of Adam, that plan of redemption was initiated through Christ, as is stated in Genesis 3:15, and is shown being totally fulfilled in 2 Corinthians 5:17 and Revelation 21:5, as follows.

Genesis 3:15, NKJV (The plan of redemption)

“And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.” (See MacArthur comment at bottom of page)

2 Corinthians 5:17 New King James Version (NKJV) (Spiritual redemption)

“Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new.”

Revelation 21:5 New King James Version (NKJV) (Edenic redemption)

“Then He who sat on the throne said, “Behold, I make all things new.” And He said to me, “Write, for these words are true and faithful.”

Job knew about Christ, the Redeemer: Job 19:25-27 New King James Version (NKJV)

25 For I know that my Redeemer lives, And He shall stand at last on the earth; 26 And after my skin is destroyed, this I know, That in my flesh I shall see God, 27 Whom I shall see for myself, And my eyes shall behold, and not another. How my heart yearns within me!

The Apostle Paul wrote the following verse of encouragement about God’s love for His saints. 1 Corinthians 2:9, NKJV:

” eye has not seen, not ear heard, nor have entered into the heart of man, the things with God has prepared for those who love him.”

As we have seen in this series, Christ will take His New Testament saints, the Bride of Christ, with Him to Heaven (John 14:1-6). The “dead in Christ” will go with the living saints to Heaven (1 Thessalonians 4:13-18/1 Corinthians 15:50-54). The living and dead saints will see Christ, our Lord, before arriving in Heaven. This event is the rapture of the church. When we “all get to Heaven,” we will go before the Judgment Seat of Christ (Bema judgment) for rewards.

2 Corinthians 5:10 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

“For we must all appear before the tribunal of Christ, so that each may be repaid for what he has done in the body, whether good or worthless.”

While the saints are, “in Heaven,” the seven year tribulation of Revelation chapters 6-19 is taking place on earth. The next appointment for Christ and His bride is the “Marriage of the Lamb,” which also takes place in Heaven (Revelation 19:7-8).

After the marriage, Christ and His bride begin their descent to earth, where Christ defeats the enemies of God at the Battle of Armageddon (Revelation 19:11-21). The bodies of Old Testament saints and deceased tribulation arise from their graves, etc., on earth (OT saints, Daniel 12:2/John 5:28-29; Tribulation Saints, Revelation 20:4); their souls and spirits have been in the Presence of God from the time of their death. All three groups of saints rule and reign with Christ for 1,000 years (Revelation 20:4), and enter into the eternal state of “new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem,” where they live forever (Revelation 21).

Summary of New Testament saints in Heaven: The bodies (alive and deceased) of New Testament believers will ascend with Christ to heaven when the rapture takes place; their immortal bodies will join their souls and spirits. The NT believers will descend back to earth in their immortal “bodies, souls and spirits;” they will enter into the New Heaven 1,000 years later, at the end of the Millennium. Only New Testament born again believers in Christ will be present in both heavens in body, soul and spirit.

God’s Plan For Eternity Future

Video speakers of God’s Plan For Eternity Future is shown at the bottom of this page.

Our study continues

Revelation 21 New King James Version (NKJV)

All Things Made New

1 Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. 2 Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God. 4 And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.”

Key: 1. new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem. 2. The bride now consists of “all saints, of all times,” OT, NT, and Tribulation saints.”

5 Then He who sat on the throne said, “Behold, I make all things new.” And He said to me, “Write, for these words are true and faithful.”

Key. All things of God’s creation in Genesis which were affected by the curse, are no longer cursed, thus, fulfilling Genesis 3:15.

6 And He said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give of the fountain of the water of life freely to him who thirsts. 7 He who overcomes shall inherit all things, and I will be his God and he shall be My son. 8 But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

Key. 7. An overcomer is one by faith in Christ (1 John 5:4). 8. The lake of fire, the second death, is the place of eternal punishment for those of whom have not been born again; such people had lifestyles that were proof of their not having been born again. A single homosexual act does not constitute a lifestyle of homosexuality. A single abortion, or even two, does not constitute a lifestyle of abortion. In 1 Corinthians 6:9-11, the Apostle Paul addresses the issue of the new-birth, whereby a former sinful lifestyle is no longer the driving force in a person’s life. There is an often used statement: “Christians are’t perfect, “just forgiven.” A more correct statement is: “Christians aren’t perfect, but are born again.” 8. Cowardly. The Israelites that were in the Presence of God during their flight from Egypt had a cowardice that showed that they did not have a trust in God to save them. The people in the Millennium saw the result of the righteous reign of Christ, yet had no trust in Him as their Savior. Per Bible Hub, “1169/deilós (“fearful of losses”) refers to an excessive fear (dread) of “losing,” causing someone to be fainthearted (cowardly) – hence, to fall short in following Christ as Lord.”

The New Jerusalem

9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me and talked with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.” 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, 11 having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal. 12 Also she had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve angels at the gates, and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: 13 three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west.

Key. 12. The names of the 12 tribes of Israel will be written on the gates of the New Jerusalem, showing that Israel has a place of significance in eternity future. The people of Israel, God’s chosen people (Deuteronomy 7:6), have been oppressed by Gentile world empires. Those oppressive empires have ceased to exist but, as we can see in the last three chapters of Revelation, Israel will exist forever in eternity. God has shown great favor on the Jews, and none on its oppressors. Consider the following world empires which greatly oppressed Israel. Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Medo-Persian, Greek, and Roman, source, Dr. John F. Walvoord, Every Prophecy of the Bible, page 217.

14 Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. 15 And he who talked with me had a gold reed to measure the city, its gates, and its wall. 16 The city is laid out as a square; its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. 17 Then he measured its wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. 18 The construction of its wall was of jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. 19 The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones: the first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. 21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.

Key. 14. The names of the 12 apostles of Christ are written on the foundation walls of the New Jerusalem, showing the significance of the born again believers in Christ in eternity future.

The Glory of the New Jerusalem

22 But I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23 The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light. 24 And the nations of those who are saved shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it. 25 Its gates shall not be shut at all by day (there shall be no night there). 26 And they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it. 27 But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.

Key. 27. The Lamb’s Book of Life contains the names of the redeemed of all times. The Book of Life contains the names of the unredeemed of all times. See MacArthur note on Revelation 20:11-13, located at the bottom of this page.

In order for anyone to have a place in the “new heaven, new earth, new Jerusalem,” they must have been born again. John 3:3 “You must be born again”

John 3:3 New King James Version (NKJV) ”

“Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

Fire Proof – At The Cross


From MacArthur Study Bible Notes (Everyone should own a MacArthur Study Bible)

2 Corinthians

12:2–4 caught up to the third heaven…caught up into Paradise. Paul was not describing two separate visions; “the third heaven” and “Paradise” are the same place (cf. Rev. 2:7, which says the tree of life is in Paradise, with Rev. 22:14, which says it is in heaven). The first heaven is the earth’s atmosphere (Gen. 8:2; Deut. 11:11; 1 Kin. 8:35); the second is interplanetary and interstellar space (Gen. 15:5; Ps. 8:3; Is. 13:10); and the third is the abode of God (1 Kin. 8:30; 2 Chr. 30:27; Ps. 123:1).


3:15 After cursing the physical serpent, God turned to the spiritual serpent, the lying seducer, Satan, and cursed him. bruise your head…bruise His heel. This “first gospel” is prophetic of the struggle and its outcome between “your seed” (Satan and unbelievers, who are called the Devil’s children in John 8:44) and her seed (Christ, a descendant of Eve, and those in Him), which began in the garden. In the midst of the curse passage, a message of hope shone forth—the woman’s offspring called “He” is Christ, who will one day defeat the Serpent. Satan could only “bruise” Christ’s heel (cause Him to suffer), while Christ will bruise Satan’s head (destroy him with a fatal blow). Paul, in a passage strongly reminiscent of Gen. 3, encouraged the believers in Rome, “And the God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly” (Rom. 16:20). Believers should recognize that they participate in the crushing of Satan because, along with their Savior and because of His finished work on the cross, they also are of the woman’s seed. For more on the destruction of Satan, see Heb. 2:14, 15; Rev. 20:10.


20:1—22:21 Chapter 19 ends with the Battle of Armageddon and Christ’s second coming—events that mark the close of the Tribulation. The events of chap. 20—the binding of Satan, Christ’s 1,000 year earthly kingdom, Satan’s final rebellion, and the Great White Throne Judgment—fit chronologically between the close of the Tribulation and the creation of the new heaven and the new earth described in chaps. 21, 22.

20:11–15 These verses describe the final judgment of all the unbelievers of all ages (Matt. 10:15; 11:22, 24; 12:36, 41, 42; Luke 10:14; John 12:48; Acts 17:31; 24:25; Rom. 2:5, 16; Heb. 9:27; 2 Pet. 2:9; 3:7; Jude 6). Our Lord referred to this event as the “resurrection of condemnation” (John 5:29). This judgment takes place in the indescribable void between the end of the present universe (v. 11) and the creation of the new heaven and earth (21:1).

20:11 great white throne. Nearly 50 times in Revelation there is the mention of a throne. This is a judgment throne, elevated, pure, and holy. God sits on it as judge (cf. 4:2, 3, 9; 5:1, 7, 13; 6:16; 7:10, 15) in the person of the Lord Jesus Christ. See 21:5, 6; John 5:22–29; Acts 17:31. earth and the heaven fled away. John saw the contaminated universe go out of existence. Peter described this moment in 2 Pet. 3:10–13 (see notes there). The universe is “uncreated,” going into non-existence (cf. Matt. 24:35).

20:12 standing before God. In a judicial sense, as guilty, condemned prisoners before the bar of divine justice. There are no living sinners left in the destroyed universe since all sinners were killed and all believers glorified. books. These books record every thought, word, and deed of sinful men—all recorded by divine omniscience (see note on Dan. 7:9, 10, the verse that is the source of this text). They will provide the evidence for eternal condemnation. Cf. 18:6, 7. Book of Life. It contains the names of all the redeemed (Dan. 12:1; see notes on 3:5). judged according to their works. Their thoughts (Luke 8:17; Rom. 2:16), words (Matt. 12:37), and actions (Matt. 16:27) will be compared to God’s perfect, holy standard (Matt. 5:48; 1 Pet. 1:15, 16) and will be found wanting (Rom. 3:23). This also implies that there are degrees of punishment in hell (cf. Matt. 10:14, 15; 11:22; Mark 12:38–40; Luke 12:47, 48; Heb. 10:29).

Key. “The dead,” as opposed to “the dead in Christ.” The dead are those which have not been born again. The “dead in Christ,” are those whom have been born again, and are identified as such in 1 Thessalonians 4:16.

21:1 As the chapter opens, all the sinners of all the ages, both demons and men, including Satan, the beast, and false prophet, are in the lake of fire forever. The whole universe has been destroyed, and God creates a new universe to be the eternal dwelling place of the redeemed. a new heaven and a new earth. The entire universe as we now know it will be destroyed (2 Pet. 3:10–13) and be replaced by a new creation that will last forever. This is an OT reality (Ps. 102:25, 26; Is. 65:17; 66:22), as well as a NT one (Luke 21:33; Heb. 1:10–12). See note on 20:11–15. no more sea. Currently three-fourths of the earth’s surface is water, but the new environment will no longer be water-based and will have completely different climatic conditions. See notes on 22:1, 2.

21:2—22:5 By this point in the chronology of Revelation, OT saints, tribulation saints, and all those converted during the millennial kingdom will be incorporated into the ultimate redeemed bride and will dwell in the New Jerusalem. John described the consummation of all things in Christ and the New Jerusalem descending into the eternal state (cf. 19:7; 20:6; 1 Cor. 15:28; Heb. 12:22–24).

21:2 New Jerusalem. Cf. 3:12; Heb. 11:10; 12:22–24; 13:14. This is the capital city of heaven, a place of perfect holiness. It is seen “coming down out of heaven” indicating it already existed; but it descends into the new heavens and new earth from its place on high. This is the city where the saints will live (cf. John 14:1–3). bride. An important NT metaphor for the church (cf. Matt. 25:1–13; Eph. 5:25–27). John’s imagery here extends from the third part of the Jewish wedding, the ceremony. Believers (the bride) in the New Jerusalem come to meet Christ (the bridegroom) in the final ceremony of redemptive history (see note on 19:7). The whole city, occupied by all the saints, is called the bride, so that all saints must be finally included in the bride imagery and bridal blessing. God has brought home a bride for His beloved Son. All the saints live with Christ in the Father’s house (a promise made before the church began; John 14:2).

21:3 the tabernacle of God. The word translated “tabernacle” means place of abode. This is God’s house, the place where He lives (cf. Lev. 26:11, 12; Deut. 12:5).

21:4 wipe away every tear. Since there will never be a tear in heaven, nothing will be sad, disappointing, deficient, or wrong (cf. Is. 53:4, 5; 1 Cor. 15:54–57).

21:5 true and faithful. Cf. 3:14; 19:11. God always speaks truth (John 17:17).

21:6 the Alpha and the Omega. See note on 1:8. water of life. Cf. 7:17; 22:1, 17. The lasting spiritual water of which Jesus spoke (John 4:13, 14; 7:37, 38; cf. Is. 55:1, 2). him who thirsts. Heaven belongs to those who, knowing their souls are parched by sin, have earnestly sought the satisfaction of salvation and eternal life (cf. Ps. 42:1, 2; Is. 55:1, 2; John 7:37, 38).

21:7 He who overcomes. Cf. 1 John 5:4, 5. Anyone who exercises saving faith in Jesus Christ (see note on 2:7). inherit. The spiritual inheritance all believers will receive (1 Pet. 1:4; cf. Matt. 25:23) is the fullness of the new creation. Cf. Rom. 8:16, 17.

21:8 A solemn, serious warning about the kinds of people who will be outcasts from the new heaven and the new earth in the lake of fire. The NT often goes beyond just citing unbelief in listing character and lifestyle traits of the outcast, so that believers can identify such people (1 Cor. 6:9, 10; Gal. 5:19; cf. John 8:31). sorcerers. See note on 9:21. lake which burns with fire. See note on 19:20. brimstone. See note on 9:17. second death. See note on 20:6.

21:9 seven bowls. See note on 15:7. seven last plagues. See note on 15:1–8.

21:10 in the Spirit. See note on 1:10.

21:19, 20 Because some of the names of these gems have changed through the centuries, it is difficult to identify each one with certainty. Eight of the 12 stones are found in the breastplate of the High-Priest (Ex. 28, 39), and the other 4 may also be related to the breastplate. The gems picture a brilliant, indescribable panoply of beautiful colors that send forth the light of God’s glory.

21:21 one pearl. Each of the gates of the city is a single, almost 1,400-mile-high pearl. Even as earthly pearls are formed in response to the wounding of oyster flesh, so these gigantic, supernatural pearls will remind saints throughout eternity of the magnitude of Christ’s suffering and its eternal benefit.

21:22 no temple. Several passages affirm that there is a temple in heaven (3:12; 7:15; 11:19; 15:5). Here, it is clear there is none in eternity. How can this be? The temple is not a building; it is the Lord God Himself. Revelation 7:15 implies this when it says, “He who sits on the throne will dwell among them.” Verse 23 continues the thought of no temple, except God and the Lamb. The glory of God which illuminates all heaven defines it as His temple. There is no need for a temple in the eternal state since God Himself will be the temple in which everything exists. The presence of God lit. fills the entire new heaven and new earth (cf. v. 3). Going to heaven will be entering the limitless presence of the Lord (cf. John 14:3; 1 Thess. 4:17).

21:24 the nations. Lit. “the peoples.” Redeemed people from every nation and ethnic group will dwell in heaven’s light. In the eternal city, there will be no more divisions, barriers, or exclusions because of race or politics. All kinds of peoples in eternity dissolve into the people of God, and they will move freely in and about the city.

21:27 Lamb’s Book of Life. See note on 3:5.

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Scriptures in this article come from Biblegateway

Most notes in this article come from the MacArthur Study Bible, being provided by Biblegateway.

Study Bibles that are most often used in these articles are: MacArthur, Ryrie, Jermiah, HCSB, Scofield.

Commentaries that are most often used in these articles are those which have been written by John MacArthur, Charles C. Ryrie, John F. Walvoord, Charles C. Ryrie, J. Dwight Pentecost, Dallas Theological Seminary, Moody Bible Institute.

Video speakers of God’s Plan For Eternity Future

John Ankerberg, founder and president of The John Ankerberg Show, the most-watched Christian worldview show in America

Ed Hindson,
Ed Hindson is the Bible Teacher on The King Is Coming telecast. He is also the Assistant Chancellor, Distinguished Professor, and Dean of the Institute of Biblical Studies and the School of Religion at Liberty University in Virginia.

Mark Hitchcock,
Mark Hitchcock is a leading Bible prophecy expert, prolific author who has penned over 20 books on the end times, senior pastor, and adjunct faculty member of the Dallas Theological Seminary.

Ron Rhodes,
Th.D., Dallas Theological Seminary (1986). Major: Systematic Theology. Graduated with High Honors.
Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary (1983). Major: Systematic Theology. Graduated with Honors. Elected to Dean’s List.
B.A., Houston Baptist University (1979). Recipient of the Greek Excellence Award. Chief nominee for the Riverside Scholarship.